A Nietzsche Reader (Penguin Classics)

Friedrich Nietzsche, R. J. Hollingdale

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Nietzsche's phrase, the "will to power" appears first in Thus Spake Zarathustra. In some of these early abstract works, for example Painting with White Border (1913), landscape elements like hills and trees can still be discerned, but their features have been reduced to a lyrical mosaic of line and color. This increase, not only in popularity but in application is best viewed when part of the greater context of modernity.... [tags: Eugenics] The Rise of Post-Modernism: Divergent by Veronica Roth - Being Divergent was not her choice, it was her fate.
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Existentialism: Bullet Guides

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Temporality constitutes another aspect of the way in which negation is at work within the for-itself. Basic Writings of Nietzsche gathers the complete texts of five of Nietzsche’s most important works, from his first book to his last: The Birth of Tragedy, Beyond Good and Evil, On the Genealogy of Morals, The Case of Wagner, and Ecce Homo. Existentialism is a philosophy of crisis, where man is driven to vital decisions, thus penetrating to the inner meaning of life, facing up to the crises and anxieties that confront one's very existence.
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Time and Freedom (Studies in Phenomenology and Existential

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Descartes in particular, however, is often criticised by the existentialists for subsuming both under the heading 'substance', and thus treating what is distinctive in human existence as indeed a thing or object, albeit one with different properties. (Whether the existentialist characterisation of Plato or Descartes is accurate is a different question.) The existentialists thus countered the Platonic or Cartesian conception with a model that resembles more the Aristotelian as developed in the Nichomachean Ethics.
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Nietzsche: A Complete Introduction (Teach Yourself:

Roy Jackson

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The doctrine asserts that all humans strive to forcibly impose their will upon others as a primal drive in their nature compels them to do so. A New History of Educational Philosophy (Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press). Jaspers's special word, existence, which he took from Kierkegaard to summarize the centrality of self-doubt and painful freedom that defined the human condition, focused a new kind of attention on the individual. His father had died when he was a child, leaving him in poverty, and he had been awarded a free scholarship in a religious institution, where he had been made continually to feel that he was accepted for charity’s sake, and, in consequence, he had been denied several of those distinctions and honours which gratify children.
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Sartre: The Philosopher of the Twentieth Century

Bernard-Henri Levy

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I hold that if Kierkegaard lived today, he would consider the main character of Nikita Mikhalkov's Dark Eyes (1987) as a prototype of the aesthetic way of existence. Of course, most of us only have short and shallow encounters with this kind of dread, as not every choice is perceived as having dreadful possible consequences (and, it can be claimed, our lives would be unbearable if every choice facilitated dread), but that doesn't change the fact that freedom remains a condition of every action.
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Sartre and the Moral Limits of War and Terrorism (Studies in

Jennifer Ang Mei Sze

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S., and has directed scholars to study how new deviant categories get created in the first place, what parties are involves, who is to gain, what the enforcement procedures are, how race, class and gender biases influence enforcement, and so on. People's loss of faith in religious and social order created an understanding of personal responsibility, which led to literary works that reflect the existentialist's loneliness, isolation, and fear of the uncaring universe. One of the key figures of 20th century psychology, Sigmund Freud, was indebted to Nietzsche especially for his analysis of the role of psychology within culture and history, and for his view of cultural artefacts such as drama or music as 'unconscious' documentations of psychological tensions.
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The existentialist: A novel

Ernest Langford

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Knower and known are both inextricably bound together. He was not, however, academically trained, and his work was attacked by professional philosophers for lack of rigor and critical standards. [65] The French director Jean Genet 's 1950 fantasy-erotic film Un chant d'amour shows two inmates in solitary cells whose only contact is through a hole in their cell wall, who are spied on by the prison warden. To ensure that the pricing on the website is the same as what is in your catalog or advertisement, please enter the priority code provided.
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The Psalms of Mortality, Volume 18: Elaborate Perceptions

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When you examine the teaching styles and curriculum of the 19th century, you understand why certain enlightened educators decided that there had to be a better way. Kant uses phenomena to as they appear to us. Many people in the general public remain suspicious when teaching methods differ from the forms of instruction they experienced in school. So important is the "what if" way of philosophical thinking, in fact, that there is a name for it in philosophy.
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The Poem of Hashish

Charles Baudelaire

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Language is supportive of my "universal" meaning. Art is not a means of securing pleasure, but a revelation of being. At first Gregor used to station himself in some particularly filthy corner when his sister arrived, in order to reproach her with it, so to speak. His mother supported herself and her two sons doing cleaning. Some call it 'anti-art' and some claim it is not art at all, because the creators did not consider it as such. According to Heidegger, the categories bequeathed by the philosophical tradition for understanding a being who can question his or her being are insufficient: traditional concepts of a substance decked out with reason, or of a subject blessed with self-consciousness, misconstrue our fundamental character as “being-in-the-world.” In his phenomenological pursuit of the categories that govern being-in-the-world, Heidegger became the reluctant father of existentialism because he drew inspiration from two seminal, though in academic circles then relatively unknown, nineteenth-century writers, Søren Kierkegaard and Friedrich Nietzsche.
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Essays of Schopenhauer

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A novelist, poet and dramatist as well as philosophy professor at the University of Salamanca, Unamuno wrote a short story about a priest's crisis of faith, Saint Manuel the Good, Martyr, which has been collected in anthologies of existentialist fiction. His understanding of Husserl 's phenomenology was far greater than that of Merleau-Ponty's fellow existentialists.[ vague ] It has been said that his work Humanism and Terror greatly influenced Sartre.
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